Mostafa Fathalian, MSc

Department of Information and Computational Science (ZIiNO)
position: PhD Student
telephone: (+48) 22 826 12 81 ext.: 183
room: 412
e-mail: mfath

Recent publications
1.Fathalian M., Postek E. W., Tahani M., Sadowski T., A Comprehensive Study of Al2O3 Mechanical Behavior Using Density Functional Theory and Molecular Dynamics, Molecules, ISSN: 1420-3049, DOI: 10.3390/molecules29051165, Vol.29, pp.1165-1165-18, 2024
Abstract:

This study comprehensively investigates Al2O3’s mechanical properties, focusing on fracture toughness, surface energy, Young’s modulus, and crack propagation. The density functional
theory (DFT) is employed to model the vacancies in Al2O3, providing essential insights into this material’s structural stability and defect formation. The DFT simulations reveal a deep understanding of vacancy-related properties and their impact on mechanical behavior. In conjunction with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, the fracture toughness and crack propagation in Al2O3 are explored, offering valuable information on material strength and durability. The surface energy of Al2O3 is also assessed using DFT, shedding light on its interactions with the surrounding environment.
The results of this investigation highlight the significant impact of oxygen vacancies on mechanical characteristics such as ultimate strength and fracture toughness, drawing comparisons with the effects observed in the presence of aluminum vacancies. Additionally, the research underscores the validation of fracture toughness outcomes derived from both DFT and MD simulations, which align well with findings from established experimental studies. Additionally, the research underscores the validation of fracture toughness outcomes derived from DFT and MD simulations, aligning well with findings from established experimental studies. The combination of DFT and MD simulations provides a robust framework for a comprehensive understanding of Al2O3’s mechanical properties, with implications for material science and engineering applications.

Keywords:

Al2O3, fracture toughness, density functional theory, molecular dynamics

Affiliations:
Fathalian M.-IPPT PAN
Postek E. W.-IPPT PAN
Tahani M.-IPPT PAN
Sadowski T.-Lublin University of Technology (PL)
2.A. Hamed M., Fathalian M., Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M., Shahavi H., DFT study of Ni, Cu, Cd and Ag heavy metal atom adsorption onto the surface of the zinc-oxide nanotube and zinc-oxide graphene-like structure, MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, ISSN: 0254-0584, DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.09.016, pp.366-373, 2024
Abstract:

Abstract
In the current article, we investigated adsorption properties of Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu), Cadmium (Cd) and silver (Ag) heavy metal atoms with zinc oxide (ZnO) nanotube and ZnO-graphene like structures sheet using Ab-initio based density functional theory (DFT) calculations. At first, both nanostructures were optimized and then most stable configuration, adsorption energy and equilibrium distance of each heavy metal with nanostructures were computed via DFT and the results were compared with each other. Our obtained results reveal that ZnO-nanotube had a better adsorbing behavior comparing to ZnO-graphene sheet case by case due to lower equilibrium distance and higher adsorption energy. This nanostructure created a strong binding with Ni, Cu and Ag but adsorption energy for Cd was clearly lower than others. Also, only Ni and Cu could have a chemisorption adsorption with the ZnO-graphene sheet and others showed a nearly weak physisorption adsorption with this nanostructure. The maximum adsorption energy for both ZnO-nanostructures occurred for nickel which were about −3.45 eV and −2.19 eV respectively. The minimum adsorption energy for ZnO nanotube occurred with Cd (−1.3 eV) while for ZnO-graphene sheet it occurred with Zn (−0.15 eV). In almost all items equilibrium distance decreased with increasing in adsorption energy. Moreover, we generated density of state (DOS) diagrams to investigate the electrical properties of studied structures.

Keywords:

Zinc-oxideDFT dsorption Heavy metal atoms DOS

Affiliations:
A. Hamed M.-other affiliation
Fathalian M.-other affiliation
Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M.-other affiliation
Shahavi H.-other affiliation
3.Fathalian M., Postek E.W., Sadowski T., Mechanical and Electronic Properties of Al(111)/6H-SiC Interfaces: A DFT Study, Molecules, ISSN: 1420-3049, DOI: 10.3390/molecules28114345, Vol.28, No.11, pp.4345-1-19, 2023
Abstract:

A density functional theory (DFT) calculation is carried out in this work to investigate the effect of vacancies on the behavior of Al(111)/6H SiC composites. Generally, DFT simulations with appropriate interface models can be an acceptable alternative to experimental methods. We developed two modes for Al/SiC superlattices: C-terminated and Si-terminated interface configurations. C and Si vacancies reduce interfacial adhesion near the interface, while Al vacancies have little effect. Supercells are stretched vertically along the z-direction to obtain tensile strength. Stress–strain diagrams illustrate that the tensile properties of the composite can be improved by the presence of a vacancy, particularly on the SiC side, compared to a composite without a vacancy. Determining the interfacial fracture toughness plays a pivotal role in evaluating the resistance of materials to failure. The fracture toughness of Al/SiC is calculated using the first principal calculations in this paper. Young’s modulus and dominant surface energy are calculated to obtain the fracture toughness. Young’s modulus is higher for C-terminated configurations than for Si-terminated configurations. Surface energy plays a dominant role in determining the fracture toughness process. Finally, to better understand the electronic properties of this system, the density of states (DOS) is calculated.

Keywords:

DFT,interface,surface energy,young’s modulus,fracture toughness

Affiliations:
Fathalian M.-IPPT PAN
Postek E.W.-IPPT PAN
Sadowski T.-Lublin University of Technology (PL)
4.A. Hamed M., Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M., Dadrasi A., Fathalian M., Theoretical studies on the mechanical and electronic properties of 2D and 3D structures of Beryllium-Oxide graphene and graphene nanobud, APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, ISSN: 0169-4332, DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.01.083, pp.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.01.083-https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.01.083, 2019
Abstract:

Abstract
In the present study, ab initio-based density functional theory (DFT) calculations were used to determine the effects of certain phenomena that can occur in the synthesis of Beryllium-Oxide (BeO) few-layer sheets, such as various types of defects, attaching nanocages onto the surface of graphene and attaching layers to each side of it on the mechanical and electronic properties of BeO graphene sheets. We also used the density of states (DOS) calculations to obtain a better understanding of the electronic properties of the studied nanostructures. In the first step, we calculated Young’s modulus for the pristine BeO graphene sheet that was found to be equal to 1.110 TPa. Next, the effect of small and large defects on the mechanical properties of the BeO graphene-like structure was examined, and we found that extracting one Be atom resulted in a lower Young’s modulus compared to that obtained after extracting one oxygen atom (1.087 TPa versus 1.104 TPa), demonstrating that Be had a greater effect on the stability and mechanical strength of BeO graphene than did oxygen. The same trend was found when comparing three atom vacancies with two missing Be atoms to those with two missing oxygen atoms. Furthermore, the effect of circular and rectangular shape defects was investigated, and the obtained results demonstrated that the increase in the diameter of defects with both shapes significantly decreased Young’s modulus and band gap energy values. Additionally, due to the number of detached atoms in shape defects which are more than those of small defects, this type of defect had a more destructive effect on the structure’s stability so that it decreased the Young’s modulus more than small defects. Moreover, the mechanical properties of the BeO graphene nanobud structure were determined in terms of placing different numbers of Be12O12 nanocages onto the graphene surface, and a similar decreasing trend was observed for Young’s modulus. Finally, we considered the mechanical properties of the bi- and three-layer BeO graphene-like structures and found that increasing the number of layers reduced Young’s modulus slightly. For both of the latter phenomena of attaching nanocages and layers, the band gap energy decreased.

Keywords:

Young’s modulus

Affiliations:
A. Hamed M.-other affiliation
Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M.-other affiliation
Dadrasi A.-other affiliation
Fathalian M.-IPPT PAN
5.Fathalian M., Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M., Fereidoon A., Effect of Nanosilica on the Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Carbon Fiber/Polycarbonate Laminates , Fibers and Polymers, ISSN: 1229-9197, DOI: 10.1007/s12221-019-1158-0, pp.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-019-1158-0-https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-019-1158-0, 2019
Abstract:

An investigation of nanosilica (SiO2), influencing the mechanical and thermal attributes of carbon fiber (CF)/polycarbonate (PC) laminates, is described in this study. Polycarbonates with four different weight percentages of SiO2 (PC-SiO2, 0.1, 0.3, 0.6 and 1.0 wt%) were prepared using a melt-blending technique. The PC-SiO2 nanocomposites were then used to fabricate planar CF/PC laminates through a hot hydraulic press machine. The prepared laminates were characterized by a number of different techniques; namely, tensile tests, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The tensile test findings revealed that when 0.6 wt% of SiO2 was added to the laminate layers, the maximum tensile modulus and yield stress were achieved. The mechanical properties obtained by DMTA supported the tensile test results. It should be noted that the 0.6 wt% of SiO2 had the highest mechanical properties. The DMTA and DSC analyses were used to measure the glass transition temperatures (Tg) of laminates. We found that with the addition 0.6 wt% of SiO2 the Tg increased to approximately 1°C compared to 0 °C for the neat CF/PC laminate, meaning that by adding up 0.1 to 0.6 nanosilica to the polymer, the value Tg first increased and then decreased. To characterize the mass loss, the thermal degradation of polycarbonate influenced by nitrogen was investigated through TGA. According to our TGA results, the highest thermal stability was achieved by adding 0.6 wt% of SiO2 to the PC.

Keywords:

Polycarbonate,Fiber Carbon,SiO2

Affiliations:
Fathalian M.-IPPT PAN
Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M.-other affiliation
Fereidoon A.-other affiliation
6.A. Hamed M., Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M., Salmankhani A., Fathalian M., Density functional theory study of adsorption properties of non-carbon, carbon and functionalized graphene surfaces towards the zinc and lead atoms, PHYSICA E-LOW-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS & NANOSTRUCTURES, ISSN: 1386-9477, DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2018.08.010, pp.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2018.08.010-https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2018.08.010, 2018
Abstract:

Abstract
In the current study, we Investigated the adsorption properties of zinc (Zn) and lead (Pb) atoms on the surface of carbonic and non-carbonic graphene using Density functional theory calculations. The procedure for this research can be divided into two sections. First, we calculated the adsorption value of single zinc and lead atoms with such non-carbonic graphene-like structures as Boron-Nitride (BN), Aluminum-Nitride (AlN), Gallium-Nitride (GaN), Silicon-Carbide (SiC), and Silicene. We found that the silicene was more powerful to detect the stated heavy metal atoms compared with others. The calculated adsorption values between the single zinc and lead atoms with silicene monolayer sheet were equal to −0.90 eV and −3.80 eV, respectively. We also used electron transfer calculations after adsorbing the stated heavy metal atoms and found that the calculated charge transfer was equal to 0.42 and 0.12 electrons for Silicene/Pb and Silicene/Zn complex, respectively. The density of states (DOS) results demonstrated that a strong hybridization could occur between the Pb atom and the silicene graphene. Then, we performed DFT calculations to determine the interaction energy between the mentioned metal atoms with pristine carbonic graphene. We found that the interaction in graphene/Zn (−0.09 eV) and graphene/Pb (−0.45 eV) was so weak, especially for graphene and zinc. To overcome this issue, we first activated the surface of graphene by carboxyl and hydroxide group. The interaction energy values between the zinc and lead atoms with graphene-COOH were approximately −0.18 eV and −1.01 eV, respectively, which showed improvements in the adsorption energy. Then, we approached the mentioned metal atoms on the surface of single bondOH-decorated graphene and demonstrated that the interaction energy between the single zinc and lead atoms with graphene-OH were about −0.78 eV and −3.33 eV. In other words, it improved by 755% and 623% compared with graphene/Zn and graphene/Pb, respectively. The strong adsorption between the hydroxyl group and the stated metals atom caused the OH group to be isolated from the graphene surface and become an individual molecule.

Keywords:

DFT ,Adsorption

Affiliations:
A. Hamed M.-other affiliation
Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M.-other affiliation
Salmankhani A.-other affiliation
Fathalian M.-IPPT PAN
7.M. Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari ., A. Hamed M., Fathalian M., Rostamiyan Y., Mallahi A., Effect of various defects on mechanical and electronic properties of zinc-oxide graphene-like structure: A DFT study , VACUUM, ISSN: 0042-207X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2019.04.003, pp.Volume 165, July 2019, Pages 26-34-https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2019.04.003, 2018
Abstract:

Abstract
In current study ab-initio based density functional theory (DFT) calculations were employed to determine the effect of different types of defect including the point (Stone-Wales (SW) and atom vacancies) and shape defects on mechanical and electronic properties of zinc oxide (ZnO) graphene-like sheet. Also, the density of states calculations (DOS) were done to give a better understanding of the electronic behavior of this structure under applied defects. With this purpose, different defects were applied to the surface of the ZnO graphene-like sheet and Young's modulus was calculated theoretically. Results showed that all applied defects had a negative effect on Young's modulus. SW defect had the lowest effect on Young's modulus among point defects. In terms of vacancy defects, increasing in the number of extracted atoms decreased modulus reversely. We also found from vacancy defects that extracting Zn atom decreased the properties more than extracting oxygen atom. So Zn atom has a higher effect on ZnO graphene-like sheet strength and stability compared to oxygen atom. The lowest obtained Young's modulus occurred in three atom vacancy with two missed Zn atoms. Furthermore, circular and square shape defects with various diameters were created on ZnO graphene-like sheet and Young's modulus was again considered.

Affiliations:
M. Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari .-other affiliation
A. Hamed M.-other affiliation
Fathalian M.-other affiliation
Rostamiyan Y.-other affiliation
Mallahi A.-other affiliation

Conference abstracts
1.Fathalian M., Postek E., Tahani M., Sadowski T., Investigating the Mechanical Characteristics of Al2O3 through Density Functional Theory and Molecular Dynamics, KUKDM 2024, Konferencja Użytkowniów Komputerów Dużej Mocy, 2024-03-13/03-15, Zakopane (PL), pp.17-18, 2024
Abstract:

This exploration highlights the essential role of ceramics, nota bly aluminum oxide (Al2O3 ),
in various technological applications due to its remarkable properties, including high mecha-
nical strength and electrical insulation. It underscores the transformative impact of com-
putational approaches such as density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD)
simulations in unraveling Al2O3’s mechanical characteristics. The focus is on key attributes like
surface energy, Young’s modulus, and fracture toughness, providing insights into the atomic-scale mechanisms governing these features. Through the application of DFT and MD simulations,
a deeper understanding emerges regarding how cracks initiate, propagate, and influence overall
fracture behavior, contributing to the advancement of enhanced materials for diverse applica-
tions.

Keywords:

alumina, mechanical properties, crack development, density functional theory, molecular dynamics,

Affiliations:
Fathalian M.-IPPT PAN
Postek E.-IPPT PAN
Tahani M.-IPPT PAN
Sadowski T.-Lublin University of Technology (PL)
2.Fathalian M., Postek E., Sadowski T., Crack Development In Al2O3: A DFT Study, KSME, Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Meeting, 2023-11-01/11-04, Incheon (KR), pp.1-1, 2023
Abstract:

This study employs Density Functional Theory (DFT) simulations to explore the fracture toughness
(KIC), surface energy (γ), and Young's modulus (E) of α-Al2O3 (aluminum oxide) while investigating the impact of vacancies on these mechanical properties. Young's modulus and fracture toughness are determined for models with and without vacancies. Fracture toughness and Young's modulus are fundamental indicators of a material's ability to withstand crack propagation and its stiffness, respectively.
DFT, a computational approach, facilitates the analysis of atomic-level interactions within materials. Al2O3, a versatile ceramic with exceptional mechanical characteristics, serves as the subject of investigation.
Through DFT simulations, this research delves into the fracture mechanisms and crack propagation behavior of Al2O3, providing insights into its intrinsic fracture toughness. DFT can predict the formation and behavior of defects and dislocations in the material, which can affect its mechanical properties, including fracture toughness. By integrating DFT results with experimental data, a comprehensive understanding of both fracture toughness and Young's modulus is achieved. The research results provide useful information on the behavior of α-Al2O3 in the presence of vacancies. This study advances insights into Al2O3's crack behavior
and mechanical attributes, informing its application across aerospace, electronics, and manufacturing.
Demonstrating DFT's efficacy in uncovering complex mechanical phenomena, the research guides materials design strategies while forecasting employment opportunities in cutting-edge materials science.

Keywords:

Crack, Al2O3, Fracture toughness, DFT

Affiliations:
Fathalian M.-IPPT PAN
Postek E.-IPPT PAN
Sadowski T.-Lublin University of Technology (PL)